Technologie als toegangspoort voor kennis en inzicht

2012 Apr 02

Door Margreet van den Berg, Chris Kockelkoren en Judith van Hooijdock

Docenten mopperen weleens dat de ‘jeugd van tegenwoordig’ achter een laptop (tablet, smartphone) zit weggedoken tijdens hun lessen, maar voor deze nieuwe jongeren is dat logisch. Deze ‘digital natives’ hebben immers nooit anders meegemaakt dan omringd te zijn door technologie. Deze technologie stelt hen in staat om kennis te verwerven, in contact te komen en te blijven met de wereld om hen heen, en hun creativiteit te ontplooien. De technologie is voor hen geen belemmering om kennis te verwerven, maar vormt juist een brug naar die kennis. Technologie stelt studenten van deze eeuw in staat om zich kennis en inzicht te verwerven.

In een onderzoek (2011) onder jongeren (die ook wel Einstein-generatie, Generatie Y of Internet-generatie wordt genoemd) is gevraagd welke waarden zij belangrijk vinden. De volgende centrale waarden worden genoemd: authenticiteit, respect, zelfontplooiing, geluk, gezellig, samen. Deze waarden zijn ook allemaal terug te vinden in hun gebruik van social media.

Authenticiteit betekent ergens voor staan en duidelijk een eigen mening hebben: dat is belangrijk. En dat geldt voor iedereen, de student, zijn vrienden, maar ook ouders en docenten. Voor communicatie betekent dat een docent die hip doet maar het niet is, respect verliest. Dat zelfontplooiing van belang is, sluit aan bij diverse onderzoeken, die uitwijzen dat zelfontplooiing een veel belangijker drijfveer is  voor het leveren van prestaties, dan beloning (http://youtu.be/u6XAPnuFjJc).

 De 21e eeuw is al ruim 10 jaar onderweg. We ervaren allemaal dat onze samenleving sterk veranderd is onder invloed van technologie, (mobiele) internet en de opkomst van sociale netwerken. Dat heeft uiteraard ook invloed op ons werken en leren. In deze veranderende maatschappij, hebben mensen andere vaardigheden nodig dan pakweg 25 jaar geleden, nl.  ‘vaardigheden van de 21e eeuw’ of wel ‘21st century skills’.

21st century skills

De Universiteit Twente heeft in een literatuurstudie, neergelegd in de Discussienota 21st Century Skills (2010), de vereiste competenties geanalyseerd.
Diverse onderzoeken noemen 7 vaardigheden:  communicatie, samenwerking, ICT-geletterdheid, probleemoplossend vermogen, creativiteit, kritisch denken en sociaal-cultureel bewustzijn als de belangrijke competenties.  

De discussienota concludeert dat 21st century skills geïntegreerd  moeten worden in het curriculum en gerealiseerd in de kernvakken van de opleiding. Dit vraagt om docenten met 21st century teaching skills.

Docenten zouden verschillende onderwijsstrategieën en beoordelingsprocedures onder de knie dienen te krijgen. Daarvoor moet de docent zich allereerst de 21st century skills eigen maken en die kennis vervolgens toepassen binnen zijn onderwijs. Daarvoor kan gebruik gemaakt worden van het TPACK-model.

Het TPACK-model beschrijft de kennis die een docent nodig heeft om ict te integreren in zijn of haar onderwijs. Om ict op een zinvolle manier in te zetten in het onderwijs, moet de docent weten hoe de vakinhoud inzichtelijk en begrijpelijk gemaakt kan worden met behulp van ict en welke didactiek het leren van bepaalde onderwerpen met behulp van ict versterkt. Daarvoor is het niet alleen noodzakelijk dat een docent beschikt over afzonderlijke kennis van ict, didactiek en vakinhoud, maar juist dat hij begrijpt hoe deze kennisdomeinen  - vakinhoud (Content Knowledge), didactiek (Pedagogical Knowledge) en ict (Technological Knowledge) - met elkaar samenhangen en hoe deze samenhangt met de context waarbinnen onderwijs wordt gegeven: de doelgroep van het onderwijs en de omgeving waarin deze doelgroep zich bevindt. Daarom is voor het zinvol en succesvol integreren van ict in het onderwijs ook kennis van doelgroep, school, infrastructuur en omgeving noodzakelijk.

TPACK biedt geen competenties maar laat docenten (bij voorkeur in teamverband) nadenken welke vaardigheden ze nog nodig hebben om ict echt goed te gebruiken. 


TPACK model

SURFacademy biedt de cursus 21eDingen aan, waarmee docenten kennis kunnen maken met diverse web2.0-tools. 21eDingen biedt de docent handreikingen op het gebied van techniek (Technological Knowledge) en didactiek (Pedagogical knowledge) hoe hij zijn vakkennis (Content Knowledge) effectiever kan overdragen aan en delen met de student. Docenten (en andere medewerkers van onderwijsinstellingen)  die hebben leren werken met één of meer van de 21eDingen:

  • ·      hebben de vaardigheid om deze tools succesvol in hun onderwijs in te zetten (Technological Knowledge);
  • ·      weten hoe ict ingezet kan worden in hun onderwijs en welke doelen ze hiermee kunnen bereiken (Pedagogical Knowledge);
  • ·      hebben meer mogelijkheden om bij te blijven op hun vakgebied (Content Knowledge);
  • ·      hebben meer kennis en kunde van de context waarbinnen het onderwijs plaatsvind;
  • ·      docenten die zonder angst of twijfel durven te experimenteren met ict-tools;

De docent kan de eDingen inzetten om 21st century skills in het onderwijs in te bedden (bijvoorbeeld door samenwerking en reflectie te stimuleren) of om zelf zijn 21st century skills te versterken en daarmee de kennis van zijn vak te vergroten. Dit stelt hen in staat om efficiënter en beter onderwijs te geven, dat beter aansluit op de leefwereld en de behoefte van de student.


Tijdens het Nationaal Congres Onderwijs & Social Media (31 mei 2012) kunt u kennis maken met deze praktische toolbox en de praktijkervaringen van Zuyd Hogeschool.

Margreet van den Berg, Chris Kockelkoren  & Judith van Hooijdonk
25 maart 2012

 

Reacties

Bandar Bola (2 years ago)

Dia duit léitheoirí. Inné bhí mé ag lorg liathróid chathair a imirt ar líne gambling. Ar deireadh bhuail mé ar an suíomh gréasáin an-suimiúil. Tá gach cineál na cluichí gambling ar líne.

willcom-blog.com (2 years ago)

I simply couldn't leave your website prior to suggesting that
I really loved the usual info an individual supply for your visitors?
Is gonna be back incessantly to check up on new posts

montreal bistro restaurants (1 year ago)

I wanted to thank you for this very good read!!

I definitely loved every little bit of it. I have got you saved as a favorite to check out new things you post...

usa gold ira (1 year ago)

Hey there! I realize this is somewhat off-topic however I needed to ask.

Does managing a well-established website such as yours take a massive amount work?

I am completely new to blogging but I do write in my diary
daily. I'd like to start a blog so I will be able to share my own experience and views
online. Please let me know if you have any kind of ideas or tips for brand new aspiring blog owners.
Thankyou!

avakin life hack tool (2 years ago)

I've been surfing online more than three hours lately, yet I
never discovered any attention-grabbing article like yours.

It's beautiful price enough for me. In my view, if all web
owners and bloggers made excellent content material as you did, the internet will be a lot more useful than ever
before.

Livescore Bola (2 years ago)

Verry good website.

Chet (1 year ago)

I like this web blog very much, Its a real nice position to
read and find information.

เบอร์สวย วิเคราะห์ (2 years ago)

My partner and I stumbled over here from a different page and thought I might check things
out. I like what I see so i am just following you. Look forward to checking out your web page for a second time.

link vao m88.com (1 year ago)

The art of ghazal singing has managed to entice millions
round the globe. You don't have to put money into the
largest or heaviest tripod for personal use. You need a special connector typically termed as
a Fire wire or best known as a possible IEEE 1394 high band
connector.

Dana (1 year ago)

I think the admin of this web page is in fact working hard in favor
of his site, because here every data is quality based
stuff.

album jul je ne me vois pas briller (2 years ago)

Some supply spy application for mobile phone in impossibly reduced prices,
be cautious, there might be a hitch there. Taking the computer
repair specialist route also has its ups and downs,
but perhaps more advantages than disadvantages.

Do you suspect that your employee is performing something mistaken with your enterprise.

round baby gates (2 years ago)

It has a metal constгuction foг durability.

Anonymousaa (2 years ago)

This is a really good post this. Truly, a magnificent art is making an article. And you are quite a master at that art. I would tell you to keep on continuing this awesome work of yours
voyance web

yugioh season 0 (2 years ago)

Hi, yeah this post is really good and I have learned lot
of things from it concerning blogging. thanks.

Tomas (2 years ago)

Heya i'm for the first time here. I came across this board and I
find It truly useful & it helped me out much.
I hope to give something back and aid others like you
aided me.

Mass Communication College in Delhi (2 years ago)

Terrific work! That is the type of information that are supposed
to be shared across the net. Disgrace on the seek engines for no longer positioning this put up
upper! Come on over and consult with my site
. Thanks =)

性别,xxx,性xxx,同性恋色情,他妈的,狗屎,猫,伟哥,性玩具,婊子,阴户,性别 (1 year ago)

Excellent way of explaining, and good article
to take data about my presentation topic, which i am going to convey in school.

cable internet modem best (2 years ago)

The disruption of Wave service waas confined to suburban areas
of Sacramento, Peterson said.

http://barpatproducts.com/groups/investing-a-few-dollars- (1 year ago)

Greetings from California! I'm bored to tears
at work so I decided to browse your website on my
iphone during lunch break. I enjoy the info you provide
here and can't wait to take a look when I get home.
I'm amazed at how quick your blog loaded on my cell phone
.. I'm not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, awesome site!

web page (2 years ago)

We are referring to your base of cash flow right here.

In order not to sound like that, you need a voice changer that has more than 2 or 3 adjustments.
Do you suspect that your employee is performing something mistaken with your enterprise.

drone with camera (2 years ago)

We will have one of our professional drone operators dispatched to the
flight location to fly the mission.

Jermaine (1 year ago)

Heya i am for the first time here. I came across this board and I find It truly useful
& it helped me out a lot. I hope to give something back and
help others like you helped me.

credit cards frauds (2 years ago)

Hi i am kavin, its my first occasion to commenting anywhere, when i read this paragraph i thought i could also make comment due to this good piece of writing.

Anonymous (2 years ago)

The Benefits
Affiliate marketing is beneficial to both the merchant and the publisher in that: There is no loss incurred. On the merchant's part, he only gets to pay the commission once a specified number of customers buys their products through the publisher who has signed up with them for the program, while on the publisher's part there is no cost of capital and other expenses involved in having a certain product; they only get to sell what is already produced. Thus, it is a win-win situation on both sides.It is possible for the merchant to track the origin of a given sale. This improves the transparency of the whole process, making it possible for the merchant to be 100% sure that he will get a return on his investment and for the publisher to know just how many people used his referral service to buy products from his merchant.
Top paying affiliate programs

Marcos (1 year ago)

I simply wanted to type a small comment in order to say thanks to you
for all of the great instructions you are giving at this site.
My extensive internet search has at the end been compensated with reliable facts
and techniques to exchange with my friends. I would assume that we
website visitors are really fortunate to be in a notable site with so
many marvellous people with beneficial plans. I feel very
much fortunate to have encountered your entire web site and look forward to plenty of more thrilling moments
reading here. Thanks once more for everything.

indoor fountains as decor (2 years ago)

This is such a great resource that you are providing and you give it away for free. I love seeing blog that understand the value of providing a quality resource for free. indoor fountains as decor

70 inch baby gate (2 years ago)

Nοt a pгoblem for սs but could be for you.

hongmeaw (2 years ago)

Does your website have a contact page? I'm having trouble locating it but, I'd like to shoot you an e-mail.
I've got some creative ideas for your blog you might be interested in hearing.
Either way, great website and I look forward to seeing it develop over time.

กระเป๋า ห ลุย ส์ speedy 35 (2 years ago)

Hi everyone, it's my first pay a quick visit at this web site, and piece of writing is in fact fruitful for
me, keep up posting such posts.

ugmukr.com (1 year ago)

As a Newbie, I am continuously searching
online for articles that can aid me. Thank you

sweater dresses on sale juniors (2 years ago)

Awareness of the environment and the life cycle
of clothes is an important a part of our every day work.

ร้านป้าย (2 years ago)

Hmm is anyone else encountering problems with the pictures on this blog loading?
I'm trying to determine if its a problem on my end or if it's the blog.
Any responses would be greatly appreciated.

http://cyberkdia.com/?document_srl=53655 (1 year ago)

I don't usually comment but I gotta state thank you
for the post on this special one :D.

colbeck capital management (1 year ago)

I don't commonly comment but I gotta state appreciate it for the post on this special one
:D.

Yong (2 years ago)

Difficult tο explain on paper without a poto !

Dominik (1 year ago)

Hi my loved one! I wish to say that this article is amazing, nice written and
come with approximately all important infos. I'd like to
peer extra posts like this.

55k.com.cn (1 year ago)

I simply wanted to construct a simple message in order to thank you for
all the wonderful hints you are showing on this website.

My prolonged internet lookup has now been rewarded with high-quality insight to
go over with my contacts. I would tell you that many of
us visitors actually are truly lucky to dwell in a perfect
website with so many awesome people with beneficial tricks.
I feel very blessed to have used your webpage and look forward
to really more amazing minutes reading here. Thank you again for everything.

Daniella (2 years ago)

Thanks for the marvelous posting! I genuinely enjoyed reading it, you
can be a great author.I will always bookmark your blog and
may come back very soon. I want to encourage that
you continue your great posts, have a nice holiday weekend!

bbs.xzlbx.com (1 year ago)

Hello there! This post couldn?t be written much
better! Going through this post reminds me of my previous roommate!
He constantly kept preaching about this. I am going to forward this article to him.
Fairly certain he'll have a good read. Many thanks
for sharing!

รีสอร์ท ท้ายหาด อัมพวา (2 years ago)

These are actually great ideas in about blogging.
You have touched some good factors here. Any way keep up
wrinting.

credit card merchant account services (2 years ago)

If some one wants expert view concerning blogging and site-building then i propose
him/her to pay a quick visit this blog, Keep up the good job.

Quincy (1 year ago)

I truly wanted to develop a small remark
in order to thank you for all the amazing secrets you are posting at this site.
My long internet lookup has finally been recognized with good quality tips to go over with my best friends.

I 'd suppose that we website visitors actually are very lucky to exist in a very
good community with very many lovely individuals with helpful secrets.
I feel pretty fortunate to have come across the
site and look forward to tons of more amazing moments reading here.
Thanks a lot again for all the details.

Nuclear Power Its Back? 13736 (1 year ago)

Thanks very nice blog!

www.ugmukr.com (1 year ago)

I don't unremarkably comment but I gotta state appreciate it
for the post on this amazing one :D.

castle clash secret code 2016 november (2 years ago)

Instead of your typical tower defense, for which you must place towers in strategic areas, you are in reality going on the offensive.

cheap mls jerseys China (2 years ago)

I don't even know how I ended up here, however I assumed this put up was once great.
I do not understand who you're however definitely you are going to a famous blogger should you aren't already.
Cheers!cheap mls jerseys China

Lyndon (2 years ago)

Magnificent site. Plenty of helpful info here. I'm sending it to some pals ans additionally sharing in delicious.
And of course, thanks for your sweat!

สถานที่ท่องเที่ยวญี่ปุ่นโอซาก้า (2 years ago)

I am now not positive where you are getting your info, but good topic.
I needs to spend a while learning much more or understanding more.

Thanks for fantastic info I used to be searching for this info for my mission.

baby gate expandable (2 years ago)

Handcrаfted fгom powdercoated tubulаr steeⅼ.

Reageer op dit artikel:

The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.